Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages.
In short, Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells, in many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use.
The history of packaging dates back to the year 1035, when a Persian traveller, visiting markets in Cairo, noted that vegetables, spices and hardware were wrapped in paper for the customers after they were sold. With the passage of time, attempts were made to use the natural materials available, such as, Baskets of reeds, wooden boxes, pottery vases, woven bags etc. However, the use of card board’s paperboard cartons was first done in the 19th century.